Leonurine (hydrochloride)

CAS No. : 24735-18-0

(Synonyms: SCM-198 hydrochloride)

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Cat. No. : HY-N0741A
M.Wt: 347.79
Formula: C14H22ClN3O5
Purity: >98 %
Solubility: DMSO : ≥ 31 mg/mL (89.13 mM); H2O : 5 mg/mL (14.38 mM; Need ultrasonic)
Introduction of 24735-18-0 :

Leonurine hydrochloride is an alkaloid isolated from Herba leonuri, with anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory. In Vitro: Leonurine (0, 5, 10, 20, 40, 80 µM) causes diminution in lipid accumulation, cellular cholesterol content, including total cholesterol (TC), free cholesterol (FC) and cholesteryl ester (CE), and increase in apoA-I- or HDL-mediated cholesterol efflux after treatment for 24 h. Leonurine also significantly and dose-dependently increases the expressions of ABCA1 and ABCG1 at the mRNA and protein levels in human THP-1 macrophages, and such effect is involved in PPARγ[1]. Leonurine hydrochloride (LH) shows protective effect on cell viability of HepG2 and HL-7702 cells incubated with palmitic acid (PA) of free fatty acid (FFA) for 24 h. Leonurine hydrochloride (125, 250, 500 μM) improves cellular lipid accumulation in HepG2 and HL-7702 cells via activating AMPK/SREBP1 pathway[2]. Leonurine (5, 10, 20 µM) inhibits the expression of iNOS, COX-2, PGE2, NO, TNF-α, and IL-6 in IL-1β-induced human chondrocytes, suppresses ECM degradation in human OA chondrocytes, and blocks IL-1β-induced PI3K and Akt phosphorylation in a dose-dependent manner[3]. In Vivo: Leonurine (10 mg/kg/d, p.o.) significantly increases the expressions of PPARγ, LXRα, ABCA1 and ABCG1, and decreases both TG and TC levels in serum of mice[1]. Leonurine hydrochloride (50, 100, 200 mg/kg) improves intracellular lipid accumulation via activating AMPK/SREBP1 pathway, enhances biochemical parameters, reduces hepatic lipoperoxide and increases antioxidant levels in mice[2]. Leonurine (20 mg/kg, p.o.) ameliorates osteoarthritis development in mouse DMM model[3].

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